At the beginning of each Sprint, a Sprint Planning meeting is held with the Product Owner, ScrumMaster, and development team to discuss what to deliver to market for the next Sprint and what the team should commit together. The meeting process generally consists of two stages:
Phase 1: The Product Owner joins the meeting with an initial Sprint goal and a prioritized Product Backlog. The development team will work with the Product Owner to clarify the value and expectations of each backlog item and then discuss how to adjust the scope or priority of the items to meet the Spring goals. Finally, the development team will forecast the backlog for this Sprint according to the latest priority record and refer to the previous Sprint completion records.
Phase 2: Continue the backlog items committed by the team in Phase 1, and the team members will discuss what to follow up for each backlog item to meet the acceptance criteria and pass the test cases. The team will also break down the tasks so that each member has a clear picture in mind during the Sprint process. If problems are found during the process, they can always discuss them with the Product Owner.
Through this meeting, team members can align the goals and collaborate on tasks to accomplish the goals of this Sprint. This method makes the product backlog items more tangible, helping the development team understand how to proceed. It also helps the team identify the risks in executing smaller tasks and propose solutions early.